General points –
- You can have the best decor Ever, but if you can’t see it – who cares!!
- If it is applied or used properly – it can make the space seem far more elegant, detailed, dramatic and focused.
- Poorly applied it can make this horrid – ever think you looked good with a flash light under your chin or in the hospital?
- Lighting designers refer to it as “painting with light” –
Where to start with lighting planning –
- What are you going to use the space for – “form follows function”!
- No matter what you use it for – -install dimmers – which allows versatility in all the spaces – (i.e.: The bathroom to get ready OR to host a party) same for all kinds of lighting?
- The ideal lighting of every room is a combination of all of the various kinds of lighting to follow:
- Generally speaking, keep traditional/contemporary/ transitional styled fixtures together however combinations can be affective when done well.
- The dimensions of the room indicate the dimensions of the lighting fixtures (just like a little girl in mom’s shoes doesn’t work – the shoes fit the size of the person – same for lighting)
- Various kinds of light have a different colours (warmer, more blue, more pink, etc) or actually coloured fixtures affect the colour of everything they illuminate – select colour with the same lighting as you have in your home (or bring colour chips to your home lighting
General Lighting: (go to the 2×2 structure of the various kinds of light):
- These provide a general lighting to the room which allows you to see the space over all without patches of light and dark –
- Most common residential is pot lights – (also track lights, florescent fixtures )
- These are now in several kinds of fixtures: Par 20 (50 watts)– not the best use of energy and less common now –
- GU10 is an inexpensive version of the MR16 and not a great use of energy but very common
- MR16 –(15w) is a low voltage halogen that delivers intense candle power (like Horse power for cars) using a limited amount of energy (Multi Reflector 16/8ths of an inch or 2 inch diameter)
- Par 20 LED (8 watts) – consumes very little energy and burns for approx 50,000 hours (one year = 8765 hrs for clarity) Still more expensive to buy and install (set up cost)
- Be Careful with LED in terms of colour temperature as they can be bluish when the number gets to be more than 3200 (2900 to 3200 is closets to incandescent to halogen)
- Pot lights are great emotionally for the shorter days of the winter as the light source comes from above (like the sun)! – If by 3pm in the winter you have to have a lamp on – the light source seems to come from the horizon – (sundown – time to sleep). The over head light keeps your energy up!
- Pots should be spaces approx 4 to 5 ft apart in any directions for good even coverage.
- Decorative lighting (a light where we are meant to appreciate the fixture)
- Table lamps
- They are often used on side table, sofa back tables, buffets etc and they mimic the candles and candelabras of the past.
- The provide lighting that is from the middle of the space to light up the walls and people standing above them – the sides of object sitting near them as well as people and create a focal point to the table
- Originally lit with Candles and placed above or on the table to create lighting for people eating at the table. Now they are a decorative fixtures that provides a central image for the table and provides lighting closer to the food and the people enjoying the meal
- This should be hung 30 inches above the table surface in a standard 8 ft ceiling – increase that by 2 inches per additional foot.
- The right size of this fixture is 12 inches narrower than the diameter of the table (no one bumps a head when they sit!)
- Some of the general lighting can be focused on the chandelier to give it depth as well
- Combine this lighting with some table candles and you have a well lit space for a meal! (dimmers of course to mood)
- Accent lighting – Picture lights, pin spots , interior cabinet lighting –
- This is designed to place more emphasis on one aspect of a space over another aspect (Directs the eye of the beholder like a circus ring master but with more subtlety)
- it says “look at this extraordinary piece of art” “Did you notice this amazing Sculpture”
- OR “look at the beautiful ceramics in this cabinet or curio”
- Wall washes are accent lights of recessed lighting that asks me to notice the texture and detail of a stone wall for example or a great wall covering.
- Task Lighting – floor lamps, desk lamps, vanity mirror lights etc (go to chair and floor light and vanity light)
- Designed to assist in the performance of a task
- The reading lamp can be adjusted to suit your eyesight, intensity of light, proximity to the book and the font – (like a dentist light – used for a task!)
- The shorter version is the desk lamp
- Vanity lights are also task – make up, shaving etc
- I think they are ideally placed on either side of the mirror to eliminate shadow and allow you to see your face clearly without any shadows
- Floor lighting – Create up light to highlight structure or pathways (go to floor light)
- This floor light may be placed behind a chair or behind a tall vase to create more depth to the element you are trying to light
- They are also sometime used to light stair cases from the side(movie theatres)
- They can be used as a wall wash from the bottom to create drama on a specific feature wall
Designer Glen Peloso forged into the world of design 20 years ago after completing his Masters degree in Fine Art.
As Principal of Glen Peloso Interiors, he has worked in residential, hospitality and commercial spaces for clients in several countries and has successfully designed over 300 projects in that time.
He is also recognized as a design expert on The Marilyn Denis Show and from his past work as a host/designer of the internationally popular television shows Foodnetwork/HGTV`s Restaurant Makeover, and W networks ‘Take this House and Sell it’, and “Slice Network” show, Renovate my Wardrobe. He is currently a design columnist for The Toronto Star’s “New in Homes section” and the National Design Contributor for “Canadian Homes Trends” magazine www.glenpelosointeriors.com